Record Details

Title:
Applied computational topology for point clouds and sparse timeseries data [electronic resource] / Melissa L. Yeung ; Mathieu Desbrun, advisor.
Author(s):
Imprint:
Pasadena, California : California Institute of Technology, 2017.
Description:
1 online resource (xiii, 91 leaves) : digital (6 Mb), illustrations (some color).
Subject(s):
Series:
CIT theses ; 2017
Summary:
The proliferation of sensors and advancement of technology has led to the production and collection of unprecedented amounts of data in recent years. The data are often noisy, non-linear, and high-dimensional, and the effectiveness of traditional tools may be limited. Thus, the technological advances that enable the ubiquitous collection of data from the cosmological scale to the subatomic scale also necessitate the development of complementary tools that address the new nature of the data. Recently, there has been much interest in and success with developing topologically-motivated techniques for data analysis. These approaches are especially useful when a topological method is sensitive to large- and small-scale features that might not be detected by methods that require a level of geometric detail that is not provided by the data or by methods that may obscure geometric features, such as principal component analysis (PCA), multi - dimensional scaling (MDS), and cluster analysis. Our work explores topological data analysis through two frameworks. In the first part, we provide a tool for detecting material coherence from a set of spatially sparse particle trajectories via the study of a map induced on homology by the braid corresponding to the motion of particles. While the theory of coherent structures has received a great deal of attention and benefited from many advances in recent years, many of these techniques are limited when the data are sparse. We demonstrate through various examples that our work provides a practical and scalable tool for identifying coherent sets from a sparse set of particle trajectories using eigenanalysis. In the second part, we formalize the local-to-global structure captured by topology in the setting of point clouds. We extend existing tools in topological data analysis and provide a theoretical framework for studying topological features of a point cloud over a range of resolutions, enabling the analysis of topological features using statistical methods. We apply our tools to the analysis of high-dimensional geospatial sensor data and provide a statistic for quantifying climate anomalies.
Note:
Advisor and committee chair names found in the thesis' metadata record in the digital repository.
Dissertation note:
Thesis (Ph. D.) -- California Institute of Technology, 2017.
Bibliography, etc. note:
Includes bibliographical references.
Linked resources:
Caltech Connect
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 Record created 2017-11-08, last modified 2018-09-17


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